In this volume, we discuss the alphabet, definite and indefinite articles, and verbs ser and estar, among other topics.
Verbs ser and ir are, as we know, different verbs in Spanish. Here are both verbs conjugated in all six persons, in the present tense:
Many students find it shocking to learn that, in the past tense, both verbs are identical:
And they ask: “How can this be?” Well, there is an explanation: Spanish developed from Vulgar Latin, which was brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Roman soldiers during the Second Punic War (3rd Century BC). In Classical Latin, the equivalent verbs for ser and ir (esse and ire, respectively) did have different past tenses, but Spanish, as it developed from a not-so-well-spoken version of the ancient language, took the Latin past tense for esse (ser) and applied it to both verbs ser and ir, ignoring the original Latin past tense for ire.
Isn’t that interesting?
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