Challenge

We have a challenge for you. If you are an intermediate student, doing this will greatly improve your Spanish speaking and writing skills.

 
 Berges Institute’s challenge
 
Here it goes: We’re going to ask you to memorize 98 basic verbs and learn how to conjugate them in the present, past and future tenses, and we’re going to give you a checklist so you can mark what you already know. Feel free to print it and post it on your fridge, where you'll be able to update it as you progress :) (You can also download it and keep your records electronically.)

1. Here are 98 verbs we think you should know:
I know this!Verbo
Abrir
Acostarse
Almorzar
Alquilar
Amar
Ayudar
Bailar
Beber
Caminar
Cantar
Cenar
Cerrar
Cocinar
Comer
Comprar
Comprender
Conocer
Contar
Correr
Costar
Creer
Dar
Decir
Desayunar
Descansar
Devolver
Discutir
Divertirse
Dormir
Dormirse
Empezar
Encontrar
Entender
I know this!Verbo
Enviar
Escribir
Escuchar
Esperar
Estar
Estudiar
Explicar
Hablar
Hacer
Ir
Levantarse
Lavar
Leer
Limpiar
Llamar
Llegar
Llevar
Manejar
Mentir
Mirar
Mirarse
Morir
Mover
Odiar
Oír
Olvidar
Pagar
Pedir
Pensar
Perder
Pintar
Poder
I know this!Verbo
Poner
Preferir
Preguntar
Preparar
Querer
Recibir
Recomendar
Recordar
Regalar
Responder
Saber
Salir
Sentarse
Sentirse
Ser
Sonar
Soñar
Tener
Terminar
Tocar
Tomar
Trabajar
Traer
Usar
Vender
Venir
Ver
Viajar
Visitar
Vivir
Volar
Volver
2. Now, in order to use these verbs in the present tense, you should know the following conjugations from memory:
I know this!Conjugation
-AR verbs
-ER verbs
-IR verbs
i to ie "stem-changing" verbs
Cerrar
Divertirse
Empezar
Entender
Mentir
Pensar
Perder
Preferir
Querer
Recomendar
Sentarse
Sentirse
I know this!Conjugation
o to ue "stem-changing" verbs:
Acostarse
Almorzar
Contar
Costar
Devolver
Dormir
Dormirse
Encontrar
Morir
Mover
Poder
Recordar
Sonar
Soñar
Volar
Volver
I know this!Conjugation
Verbs that are irregular in the present tense
Conocer
Dar
Decir
Estar
Hacer
Ir
Oir
Pedir
Poner
Saber
Salir
Ser
Tener
Traer
Venir
Ver
For the past tense, as you know, we have two of them: pretérito perfecto (equivalent to the past simple: I sang, I went, etc.) and pretérito imperfecto (equivalent to “used to do something” or “was doing something,” depending on the context).

3. In order to use all those 98 verbs in the pretérito perfecto tense, you should know the following conjugations from memory:
I know this!Conjugation
-AR verbs
-ER/-IR verbs
Verbs that need spelling adjustments in the pretérito perfecto tense
Creer
Leer
Llegar
Oir
Pagar
Tocar
I know this!Conjugation
Verbs that are irregular in the pretérito perfecto tense
Dar
Decir
Divertirse
Dormir
Estar
Hacer
Ir
Mentir
Morir
I know this!Conjugation
Pedir
Poder
Poner
Preferir
Querer
Saber
Sentirse
Ser
Tener
Traer
Venir
4. In order to use those verbs in the pretérito imperfect tense, you should know the following conjugations from memory (this one is easy!):
I know this!Conjugation
-AR verbs
-ER/-IR verbs
Verbs that are irregular in the pretérito imperfecto tense
Ser
Ir
Ver
Lastly, as you probably know, we have two future tense constructions in Spanish, but the easier one is way more common, especially in spoken Spanish or non-super-formal written Spanish. If you already know how to conjugate ir in the present tense, you already know how to use all those 98 verbs in the future tense.


So how do you memorize all this stuff?


Well, there are different ways, and they all can be effective. Our recommendation would be to be methodical, no matter which way you do it. Here are some ideas: you can create flashcards (electronic or paper), you can set daily/weekly memorization goals and just repeat conjugations in your head over and over, or you can write down some of them every day until you have them memorized. If you take levels 1 through 3 with us, you will go over all of this, but you'll still have to do the memorization work yourself :)

Lastly, if you need to look up the conjugation for any of these verbs in any of these tenses, the easiest way would be to type that verb in the DLE and click on "Conjugar."

How many verbs and conjugations from these lists do you know so far?
ResourcesDan BergesComment