Two-Verb Constructions (in Depth)

Two-verb constructions are very common among languages and this term refers to phrases in which two verbs are connected to each other to express additional information about any particular action. For example: I want to go to the party. In this case the verb ‘to want’ informs us of the desire of the speaker.

In Spanish, many two-verb constructions only require the use of one conjugated verb and a verb in the infinitive form. For example:

Quiero ir a la fiesta. - I want to go to the party.
In this example ‘quiero’ is the conjugated verb and ‘ir’ is the infinitive one.

Read More
ResourcesDan BergesComment

On August 29, 2019, we conducted a survey in which we asked some of our current and former students in NYC and Chicago the following question:

Which skill do you find most challenging?

The choices were:

Writing in Spanish
Reading Spanish
Speaking Spanish
Understanding spoken Spanish

358 students answered. Here are the results:

Read More
ResearchDan BergesComment
On the Importance of Reading

There are four main indicators through which we judge our understanding of a language in the most general of terms: Listening, reading, speaking and writing. Fluency comes from proficiency in all four categories.The truth is that these very important and interdependent areas don’t seem to hold the same pedigree in the collective consciousness. Being able to speak a language is what students consider most important of all. Not by chance we ask, Do you speak Spanish? and never Do you read Spanish?

Read More
ResourcesDan BergesComment
Study Tips

As a Spanish instructor, one of the questions my students more frequently ask is how long it takes to become fluent. I usually answer with a modest smile, a brief pause, and two words: It depends. As much as I enjoy answering questions, when it comes to this particular one, the reality is, there is no definite answer, as the speed at which people learn varies from student to student and is dependent upon multiple factors.

Far from being taken aback by my sobering words and, worse, losing hope of ever becoming fluent, the proactive student will instead look into those factors that play a positive role in the acquisition of the new language, and envision a personal learning plan to achieve the desired goals.

Read More
Seven Tips for Improving Your Spanish Accent

1. Vowels are king

Unlike English, Spanish only has 5 vowel sounds, which always correspond with the 5 written vowels: /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/, /u/ (A, E, I, O, U). They are all pure vowels, meaning the mouth position is fixed (unlike, for example, English vowels ‘u’ or ‘o’, in which the shape of your mouth at the end is different from the one at the beginning). Make sure you pronounce all your vowels loud and clear, and your Spanish will sound way better!

Read More
How to Learn Spanish Fast

Taking classes is not really necessary. We can learn most things by ourselves, right? Well, technically yes, but we often learn much faster if we have a. professional guidance, b. a well-thought-out curriculum that limits the amount of information we have to assimilate each week in packets we can easily digest and c. some external pressure that "forces" us to maintain a good pace. Taking classes gives us those three things. If you can’t commit to coming to Berges every week (or if you don’t live in NYC or Chicago), check out our online Spanish classes!

Read More
The Second Person

Do you have a minute? I want to share a piece with you about the second person.

If I were to translate the same question I just asked into Spanish, I would have more than one way of doing so. It could be ¿Tienes un minuto? or ¿Tiene un minuto? It could even be ¿Tenéis un minuto? or ¿Tienen un minuto?

So many options, right? Options, fantastic as they are, may lead to mistakes, so it is a good idea to learn how to assess these options.

Read More
The "Personal A"

The “personal a” is sure one of those areas most students of Spanish struggle with. It is not that the concept itself is difficult to understand. The issue is that students, especially those that are less familiar with the topic, have to make a conscious effort to apply this rule of the language when needed.

The rule, referred to by some grammars as “personal a,” establishes at the very basics that the preposition “a” is mandatory to precede direct objects, when these are people or pets. In the sentence, La semana pasada visité a Miguel, the preposition precedes the noun - in this case a proper noun - because the referent of this noun is a person.

Read More
Conocer vs. Saber

Both verbs can be translated as to know, but they have different meanings.

  • Use conocer when you mean "being familiar" or "being acquainted" with a thing, a place or a person.


I know Juan. (Meaning I’m acquainted with Juan).
Conozco a Juan. (We have to use the personal a).

I know the rules. (Meaning I’m acquainted with the rules).
Conozco las reglas.

Read More
ResourcesDan Berges
Difference between SER and ESTAR
  • Use SER for defining attributes of things or people (such as being tall, being big, being good-looking).

  • Use ESTAR for generally non-permanent statuses or conditions of things or people (such as being sad, being broken, or being tired), regardless of whether they are temporary or not in a particular case, and for location (also regardless of whether it is temporary or not).

Read More
Eight benefits of online learning with Berges

Online education has proliferated in recent years. As higher education institutions expand course offerings and flexibility within those programs for busy professionals, online learning has taken root and become a mainstream option.

The Graf Method at Berges can now be learned online. Berges has created an online learning environment for all grammar and conversation level courses. Taking a Berges course online brings convenience and accessibility to starting or continuing Spanish language studies.

Read More
How to memorize new words faster

Reaching a high level of proficiency in a new language requires the acquisition of thousands of words as well as learning the mechanics of how these words combine in a system through which communication is possible.

There is little doubt that memory plays a vital role in this process. Without a healthy memory, acquiring a new language is an impossible task. In today’s world, the average language learner is used to relying on outer devices for recollection, such as computers and smart phones, and this reliance hinders the development of an active memory.

Read More