The Spanish alphabet has 27 letters. Here they are:
W (uve doble)
Y (i griega)
♦ B & V sound the same, like a soft B. Beber = Vivir.
♦ Ch & Ll are consonants phonetically (they have their own sound: llave, chapa…)
♦ H is silent: hablar and hombre, are pronounced /ablar/, /ombre/.
♦ K & W are not common; they are only used for borrowed words: whisky, katana…
♦ R has two sounds:
Strong (rolling!), when it is either at the beginning of a word, doubled, or placed after N, L or S: Rata, carro, sonrisa…
Soft, when it is in the middle or the end of a word and not doubled: cara, para, por…
♦ Y has two sounds:
Vowel, when it is at the end of a word or by itself (y = and), it sounds like I: hoy, estoy…
Consonant, in every other scenario: yo, hoyo…