Spanish Grammar Guide

Asking questions in Spanish

Here are the interrogative pronouns:

Qué –What
Dónde Where
Cuándo When
Cómo – How
Quién – Who
Cuánto – How much/how many
Por qué – Why
Cuál – Which

⇒ Notice they all have an accent (´) on their strong syllable. 

Note: Cuál is usually used before es (and other forms of ser) instead of qué when not seeking a definition:

What’s your phone number? ¿Cuál es tu número de teléfono?

What is your address? ¿Cuál es tu dirección?


Note: When we speak, we frequently omit the personal pronoun, since it’s implied in the conjugation of the verb: we say estoy triste instead of yo estoy triste, or eres alto instead of tú eres alto.

¿De dónde eres? – Where are you from? (Lit. “From where are you?”)
Soy de Madrid. – I am from Madrid.
¿Dónde está Madrid? – Where is Madrid?
Madrid está en España. – Madrid is in Spain.
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