Spanish Resources vocabulary

Por vs. para

Por vs. para

Por and para can be confusing, as they can both be translated as for in certain sentences. Here's how to use them correctly:

USES OF PARA

We use para for:

-Destination (person)

Compré un regalo para Ana. I bought a present for Ana.

-Destination (thing)

Compré una mesa para mi apartamento. I bought a table for my apartment.

-Direction [1]

Iré para Boston el viernes. I’m going to Boston on Friday.

-Purpose/goal (meaning in order to) [2]

Como verduras para estar sana. I eat veggies in order to be healthy.

Voy a ir a Madrid para visitar a mis amigos. I’m going to Madrid in order to visit my friends.

-Deadline

Necesito el informe para el martes. I need the report for/by Tuesday.

USES OF POR

We use por for:

-Periods of time

Trabajo por ocho horas cada día.[3] I work for eight hours every day. 

-Reason/cause (meaning because of) [4]

Berges Institute está cerrado por Thanksgiving. Berges Institute is closed “because of” Thanksgiving.

Llegué tarde por el tráfico. I got there late because of the traffic.

-Exchange

Compré un par de zapatos por 100 euros. I bought a pair of shoes for 100 euros.

Cambié mi guitarra acústica por una eléctrica. I exchanged my acoustic guitar for an electric one.

-As the word per

Voy al gimnasio tres veces por semana. I go to the gym three times per week.

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[1] In this example, we could use instead of para with the same meaning: Iré a Boston el viernes.

[2] When using para as in order to, we usually use it with the infinitive form of a verb: Fui a New Jersey para visitar a mi amiga. (I went to New Jersey [in order] to visit my friend.) Voy al gimnasio para estar fuerte. (I go to the gym in order to be/to stay strong.)

[3] For periods of time, por is frequently omitted: Trabajo ocho horas cada día.

[4] When using por as because of, we usually use it with a noun: El metro no funciona por un incidente. (The subway does not work because of an incident.)

Download Unit 1 for Free

Download a PDF version of The Graf Method for Spanish Language, Vol.1, Unit 1 for free!

In this unit, we discuss the alphabet, definite and indefinite articles, and verbs ser and estar, among other topics. You'll also find some exercises at the end to practice the material.

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